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The Simplest Ways to Make The Best of Html for Beginners

Updated: Aug 2, 2020

What is HTML?

Html stands for Hyper Text markup language. a language used to annotate or markup documents.

In Html (tags) organize the page and the Html tags tell us where to place headings, images and links.

A file extension Html is automatically known by computers as an internet file and must be opened by any of the internet browsers because internet browsers they are the only application which can read the Html file and they know how to display it in the screen.

Html language is very similar to English you can understand it even if you do not know much about it.



When was Html introduced and why?

Html introduced in 1990 as a way to electronically connects scientific research documents via Hyperlinks scientists were using the Internet to list their different research papers, and you would have a long list, each paper independent of the other.

Scientists at that time never care about the fonts and style and table, they just need a way to write, edit and link and Html give them this chance and it was more than enough at that time.



What is Html 5?

HTML5 is a cooperation between W3C and the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group, and what they've done is they've established these four guidelines for how HTML5 should be approached as browsers go to support it. The first idea is that new features should be based on HTML, CSS which is the sign language, the DOM and JavaScript. Nothing more.

HTML5 should be device independent. It shouldn't matter whether you're on your phone, your laptop, a PC or even on a screen reader. You want everyone the same access to the information.


Html and the browsers war

It was 1993 when Mosaic introduced the first graphical browser and this is when the community started to debate either this useful or not, more over there was a big battle about how the internet should evolve from that point.

After Mosaic graphical browser the usage of the internet exploded, and the internet started another new stage with the commercials.



After a while Mosaic had challengers though, in the form of Netscape, Internet Explorer and other browsers. This was the start of what we call the browser wars.

Each browser of the mentioned above was trying to dominate the market.

Each of these browsers decided that they wanted to create these trademarked tags, tags that would only work on their browser. Some of the examples were marquee, where you could have scrolling text, or blink which would only work on some of the browsers and not others. Other tags were proprietary, they actually worked on any browser, but they went against the original spirit of HTML. They were tags such as font or center, for centering your text or background color.

At that time the famous message which used to come in the screen “what browser are you using? “started to come up in your computer screen

This is Great, always compaction is great, but none of the browsers at that time put in consideration that computers at that time has very limited abilities.

This led to a very important question which is how we can make all brewers agree on one standard for the Html langue, which will result in viewing any contents in any brewers are the same.

Moreover, this comes back to the idea that no one runs the Internet or the Web.

Some groups have decided to take an action to standardize this situation the first one is the internet engineering task force, and this group is focused on networks and how they can collaborate and work together.

The second one is the world wide web consortium and this group mainly concentrate around what kind of tags should the browser support and what kind of tags shouldn’t.

Finally, the last group The Web Accessibility Initiative, they want to make sure, that no matter how people are accessing the web, they have the same ability to view the content.

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